Why Vitamins are Necessary for the Brain Development in Infants-Each among the six classes of food; Carbohydrates, Protein, fats and oil, mineral salts, vitamins, water, and roughages, plays a significant role on health when taken appropriately. They have unquantifiable influences on different body systems thereby promoting healthy living.
Meanwhile, Vitamins are very important especially during the first trimester when most organs and tissues. It is therefore essential to bring to light some of the vitamins good for neurological (brain) formation and development.
These are organic compounds and vital nutrients that an organism requires in limited amounts. It is an important nutrient mostly needed for the formation and development of the nervous system.
Vitamins are classified into fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins. The fat-soluble vitamins include; Vitamin A (Retinol) Vitamin D ( D2 ergocalciferol, D3 cholecalciferol) Vitamin K (phylloquinone) Vitamin E (tocopherols, tocotrienols)
While water-soluble vitamins include; Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) and complex Vitamin B, which includes; Vitamin B1 (thiamine), Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) Vitamin B3 (niacin or nicotinic acid) Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid), Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine) B12 (cyanocobalamin).
Vitamine B complex is important for various functions of the human body. Be it energy production, body defense mechanism, or red blood formation. The B groups of vitamins play pivotal roles and carry on the functions by working in tandem or all alone. Vitamine B12, particularly, has a great impact on neurological health.
Sources/Functions of Vitamins Necessary for the Brain Development of Infants
- Source of Vitamin B12
Meat, poultry fish, seafood, milk, and milk products.
Functions: Vitamin B12 plays a vital role in the manufacturing of red blood cells and supports the normal function of nerve cells. In addition, Vitamin b12 aids in the production of myelin, a protein that surrounds and insulates some nerve cells and leads to proper neural transmission speed and also plays a role in DNA replication.
- Sources of Vitamin B9
Dark leafy greens; asparagus, broccoli, okra. Brussel Sprout, beets
Function: this prevents neural tube defects and enhances the communication within the brain and body with the aid of a chemical messenger called neurotransmitter B group of vitamins especially vitamin B-6 and folate.
- Sources of Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
Fruits and vegetables such as citrus fruits, broccoli, potatoes, spinach, and tomatoes.
Functions: This Vitamin helps to build the elastic tissue of collagen fibers that keeps arteries flexible for improved blood flow to the brain of the infant. It majorly severs as an antioxidant against toxins in the brain that can lead to disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease which affects memory and, Parkinson’s disease which damages the nerves.
4. Sources of Vitamin D
Fish such as salmon, tuna and sardines, eggs, fortified milk, and cereals.
Functions: Vitamin D is needed for normal brain development and may help prevent disorders such as multiple sclerosis and seasonal affective disorder. It is also needed for sustainability to think, concentrate and problem-solving.
- Sources of Vitamin E
Wheat germ, liver, eggs, vegetables
Functions: Vitamin E like Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps protect brain tissues from damage. Vitamin E combines with vitamin A to sustain normal development of the eye which helps to prevent ataxia and abnormal eye movement.
Apart from wisdom and graces that God gives every creature, the capacity of one to think faster, play a creative role, execute prompt and positive action, play intelligently among other creative functions depends primarily on the degree of neuron myelination of the neuron, on the other hand, is normally active during the early stage of life precisely, 1st trimester when the immunity and healthy living of the child depend solidly on the immunity of the mother.
The roles of vitamins to the brain and the body at large are inexhaustible, many other body activities are dependent upon the fundamentals laid down by vitamins. Infants need the vitamins the most, for proper neurological development. when the food source of these vitamins is not available, its supplement in form of drugs may be taken. It is also advisable that pregnant women and those looking for the fruit of the womb indulge in the adequate intake of vitamin for the vitality of their genetic structures and establish the pace of the human generation.